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[sahr-dah-nuh; Spanish sahr-th ah-nah] /sɑrˈdɑ nə; Spanish sɑrˈðɑ nɑ/
noun, plural sardanas
[sahr-dah-nuh z; Spanish sahr-th ah-nahs] /sɑrˈdɑ nəz; Spanish sɑrˈðɑ nɑs/ (Show IPA)
a dance of the region of Catalonia, Spain, in which the dancers form a moving circle.
the music for this dance.
1920-25; < Spanish < Catalan Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Encyclopedia Article for sardana

communal dance intimately bound up with Catalan national consciousness. It is danced by men and women who join hands alternately in a closed circle. As they dance to the music of tenores and tabales (shawms and small drums), their faces remain solemn and dignified. The basic pattern of the sardana is a series of long (llarg) and short (curt) steps; the precise combination is determined by the leader, who signals the steps with a hand squeeze that is passed around the circle. The music is first slow, then rapid. The sardana developed in the 19th century from the contrapas, a similar dance with a broken circle

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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