satiety

[suh-tahy-i-tee]
noun
the state of being satiated; surfeit.

Origin:
1525–35; < Latin satietās; replacing earlier sacietie < Middle French sacieté < Latin

oversatiety, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
satiety (səˈtaɪɪtɪ)
 
n
the state of being satiated
 
[C16: from Latin satietās, from satis enough]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

satiety
1530s, from Fr. satiété (12c.), from L. satietatem "abundance," from satis "enough," from PIE base *sa- "to satisfy" (see sad).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

satiety

desire to limit further food intake, as after completing a satisfying meal. The hypothalamus, part of the central nervous system, regulates the amount of food desired. Eating is thought to increase the body temperature, and as the temperature in the hypothalamus rises, the process of feeding decreases. Satiety is reached long before the food is digested or absorbed. In humans a number of factors may be involved in limiting food consumption. The feeling of fullness caused by distention of the stomach can stop further eating. A large quantity of sugar in the bloodstream or a large amount of stored fat tissue may inhibit ingestion. Emotional or psychological factors also can cause or delay satiety; a person who is upset may be totally satisfied by only a few bites of food. People on diets can limit their food intake by refraining from eating before reaching satiety; the body may crave more nourishment, but the desire to eat more can be overruled.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
We humans are incredibly demanding because of our hunger and thirst-and the
  messy, odoriferous products of our satiety.
Once you start getting fat your hormones change and the body loses control of
  how to respond to food and satiety.
Make them healthy, nutrient-dense food that gives you satiety and also
  increases your metabolism.
Dietary fiber consumption may contribute to weight regulation by improving
  satiety.
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