1 [saw-buhk]
a sawhorse.

1860–65, Americanism; compare Dutch zaagbok Unabridged


2 [saw-buhk]
noun Slang.
a ten-dollar bill.

1840–50, Americanism; so called from the resemblance of the Roman numeral X to the crossbars of a sawbuck1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sawbuck (ˈsɔːˌbʌk)
1.  (US), (Canadian) a sawhorse, esp one having an X-shaped supporting structure
2.  slang chiefly (US), (Canadian) a ten-dollar bill
[C19: (in the sense: sawhorse) translated from Dutch zaagbok; (in the sense: ten-dollar bill) from the legs of a sawbuck forming the Roman numeral X]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"ten-dollar bill," Amer.Eng. slang, 1850, from resemblance of X (Roman numeral 10) to the ends of a sawhorse. Sawbuck in the sense of "sawhorse" only is attested from 1862 but presumably is older (see saw (n.2)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

sawbuck definition

  1. n.
    a ten-dollar bill. (From the time when the 10 was indicated by the Roman numeral X (10), which looks like the crosspiece that supports wood that is being sawed.) : It cost me a sawbuck to have my car pulled out of the mud.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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