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sayyid

[sah-yid, sey-id] /ˈsɑ yɪd, ˈseɪ ɪd/
noun
1.
(in Islamic countries) a supposed descendant of Muhammad through his grandson Hussein, the second son of his daughter Fatima.
2.
a title of respect, especially for royal personages.
Also, said, sayed, sayid.
Origin
1780-1790
1780-90; < Arabic: lord
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sayyid

sayyid

/ˈsaɪɪd/
noun
1.
a Muslim claiming descent from Mohammed's grandson Husain
2.
a Muslim honorary title
Word Origin
C17: from Arabic: lord
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sayyid

also sayid, Islamic title of honor, applied to descendants of Hussein, Muhammad's grandson, 1788, from Arabic sayyid "lord, chief," perhaps literally "speaker, spokesman."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for sayyid

(Arabic: "master," or "lord"), Arabic title of respect, sometimes restricted, as is the title sharif, to the Banu Hashim, members of Muhammad's clan; in particular, the descendants of Muhammad's uncles al-'Abbas and Abu Talib and of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib by Muhammad's daughter Fatimah. In the Hejaz, sayyid is further restricted to the descendants of Husayn, the younger son of 'Ali and Fatimah.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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