scagliola

[skal-yoh-luh]
noun
plasterwork imitating marble, granite, or the like.

Origin:
1575–85; < Italian, equivalent to scagli(a) a chip (< Gothic skalja tile; cognate with shell) + -ola diminutive suffix

scagliolist, noun
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Collins
World English Dictionary
scagliola (skælˈjəʊlə)
 
n
imitation marble made of glued gypsum with a polished surface of coloured stone or marble dust
 
[C16: from Italian, diminutive of scaglia chip of marble, of Germanic origin; related to shale, scale²]

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Example sentences
The walls between the pilasters are finished in scagliola, an imitation marble
  made of finely ground gypsum and glue.
Others are scagliola, a kind of imitation marble made on plaster with special
  painting techniques.
The lobby is dominated by immense rounded scagliola columns and the marble
  staircase leading to a balustraded mezzanine.
The iron columns will be en cased in scagliola and the entire floor will be of
  marble.
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