|1.||any of the numerous plates, made of various substances resembling enamel or dentine, covering the bodies of fishes|
|2.||a. any of the horny or chitinous plates covering a part or the entire body of certain reptiles and mammals|
|b. any of the numerous minute structures covering the wings of lepidopteraRelated: squamous|
|3.||a thin flat piece or flake|
|4.||a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the skin: excessive shedding may be the result of a skin disease|
|5.||a specialized leaf or bract, esp the protective covering of a bud or the dry membranous bract of a catkin|
|6.||See scale insect|
|7.||a flaky black oxide of iron formed on the surface of iron or steel at high temperatures|
|8.||any oxide formed on a metal during heat treatment|
|9.||another word for limescale|
|10.||(tr) to remove the scales or coating from|
|11.||to peel off or cause to peel off in flakes or scales|
|12.||(intr) to shed scales|
|13.||to cover or become covered with scales, incrustation, etc|
|14.||(tr) to throw (a disc or thin flat object) edgewise through the air or along the surface of water|
|15.||informal (Austral) (intr) to ride on public transport without paying a fare|
|16.||slang (South African) (tr) to steal (something)|
|[C14: from Old French escale, of Germanic origin; compare Old English scealu|
|1.||(often plural) a machine or device for weighing|
|2.||one of the pans of a balance|
|3.||tip the scales|
|a. to exercise a decisive influence|
|4.||to weigh with or as if with scales|
|5.||to have a weight of|
|[C13: from Old Norse skāl bowl, related to Old High German scāla cup, Old English scealu|
|1.||a sequence of marks either at regular intervals or else representing equal steps, used as a reference in making measurements|
|2.||a measuring instrument having such a scale|
|3.||a. the ratio between the size of something real and that of a model or representation of it: the scale of the map was so large that we could find our house on it|
|b. (as modifier): a scale model|
|4.||a line, numerical ratio, etc, for showing this ratio|
|5.||a progressive or graduated table of things, wages, etc, in order of size, value, etc: a wage scale for carpenters|
|6.||an established measure or standard|
|7.||a relative degree or extent: he entertained on a grand scale|
|8.||music a group of notes taken in ascending or descending order, esp within the compass of one octave|
|9.||maths the notation of a given number system: the decimal scale|
|10.||a graded series of tests measuring mental development, etc|
|11.||obsolete a ladder or staircase|
|12.||to climb to the top of (a height) by or as if by a ladder|
|13.||(tr) to make or draw (a model, plan, etc) according to a particular ratio of proportionate reduction|
|15.||(US), (Canadian) (in forestry) to estimate the board footage of (standing timber or logs)|
|[C15: via Italian from Latin scāla ladder; related to Old French eschiele, Spanish escala]|
scale 1 (skāl)
A dry, thin flake of epidermis shed from the skin.
One of the many small, platelike dermal or epidermal structures that characteristically form the external covering of fishes, reptiles, and certain mammals.
To come off in scales or layers; flake.
To become encrusted.
To remove tartar from tooth surfaces with a pointed instrument.
A system of ordered marks at fixed intervals used as a reference standard in measurement.
An instrument or device bearing such marks.
A proportion used in determining the dimensional relationship of a representation to that which it represents.
A standard of measurement or judgment; a criterion.
An instrument or a machine for weighing.
Either of the pans, trays, or dishes of a balance.
|scale 1 (skāl) Pronunciation Key
|scale 2 (skāl) Pronunciation Key
A system of marks set at fixed intervals, used as a standard for measurement.
Note: On a map, plan, or chart, a scale indicates the proportion between the representation and what it represents, such as the legend “One inch equals twenty miles” on a map.
Note: Temperature scales divide up the range of temperatures into equal degrees.
In addition to the idiom beginning with scale, also see tip the balance (scale); turn the tables (scales).