scallion

[skal-yuhn]
noun
1.
any onion that does not form a large bulb; green onion.
2.
a shallot.
3.
a leek.

Origin:
1300–50; late Middle English scalyon(e) < Old French *escaloigne < Vulgar Latin *escalonia, variant of Latin Ascalōnia (caepa) onion of Ascalon, a seaport of Palestine; replacing Middle English scalone, scaloun < Anglo-French scaloun < Vulgar Latin, as above

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World English Dictionary
scallion (ˈskæljən)
 
n
Also called: green onion any of various onions or similar plants, such as the spring onion, that have a small bulb and long leaves and are eaten in salads
 
[C14: from Anglo-French scalun, from Latin Ascalōnia (caepa) Ascalonian (onion), from Ascalo Ascalon, a Palestinian port]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

scallion
c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. escalone, O.N.Fr. escalogne, or O.Fr. eschaloigne, all from V.L. *escalonia, from L. (cæpa) Ascalonia "(onion) from Ascalon," seaport in southwestern Levant (modern Ashkelon). Cognate with shallot.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The first sounded innocuous: six steamed oysters with ginger and scallion.
Ladle the soup into bowls and garnish each with a dollop of sour cream and a
  sprinkling of the scallion greens.
The shrimp and grits, prettily presented, are overwhelmed by a pungent scallion
  garnish.
Other popular choices are the fried chicken with garlic and scallion and
  stir-fried squid with vegetables.
Image for scallion
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