any scarabaeid beetle, especially Scarabaeus sacer, regarded as sacred by the ancient Egyptians.
a representation or image of a beetle, much used among the ancient Egyptians as a symbol, seal, amulet, or the like.
a gem cut to resemble a beetle.
Also, scarabaeus (for defs 2, 3).

1570–80; short for scarabaeus Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
scarab (ˈskærəb)
1.  any scarabaeid beetle, esp Scarabaeus sacer (sacred scarab), regarded by the ancient Egyptians as divine
2.  the scarab as represented on amulets, etc, of ancient Egypt, or in hieroglyphics as a symbol of the solar deity
[C16: from Latin scarabaeus; probably related to Greek karabos horned beetle]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"black dung beetle," held sacred by the ancient Egyptians, 1579, from M.Fr. scarabeé, from L. scarabæus "a type of beetle," from Gk. karabos "beetle, crayfish," a foreign word, probably Macedonian (the suffix -bos is non-Greek).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Here, above the hands, you'll find images of a winged scarab and a sun disk.
The larval stages of scarab beetles are often referred to as white grubs.
At present, the only effective control for scarab beetles is the use of synthetic insecticides.
He is rejuvenated each day in the form of the scarab beetle.
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