scarify

scarify

[skar-uh-fahy]
verb (used with object), scarified, scarifying.
1.
to make scratches or superficial incisions in (the skin, a wound, etc.), as in vaccination.
2.
to lacerate by severe criticism.
3.
to loosen (the soil) with a type of cultivator.
4.
to hasten the sprouting of (hard-covered seeds) by making incisions in the seed coats.
5.
to break up (a road surface).

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English scarifie < Middle French scarifier < Late Latin scarīficāre, alteration of Latin scarīfāre, scarīphāre to make scratches < Greek skarīphâsthai to sketch, derivative of skárīphos stylus; see -ify

scarifier, noun
unscarified, adjective

scarify, scorify.
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World English Dictionary
scarify1 (ˈskɛərɪˌfaɪ, ˈskærɪ-)
 
vb , -fies, -fying, -fied
1.  surgery to make tiny punctures or superficial incisions in (the skin or other tissue), as for inoculating
2.  agriculture
 a.  to break up and loosen (soil) to a shallow depth
 b.  to scratch or abrade the outer surface of (seeds) to increase water absorption or hasten germination
3.  to wound with harsh criticism
 
[C15: via Old French from Latin scarīfāre to scratch open, from Greek skariphasthai to draw, from skariphos a pencil]
 
scarifi'cation1
 
n
 
'scarifier1
 
n

scarify2 (ˈskɛərɪˌfaɪ)
 
vb , -fies, -fying, -fied
informal (tr) to make scared; frighten
 
[C18: from scare + -ify]
 
usage  Scarify is sometimes wrongly thought to mean the same as scare: a frightening (not scarifying) film
 
'scarifyingly2
 
adv

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Medical Dictionary

scarify scar·i·fy (skār'ə-fī')
v. scar·i·fied, scar·i·fy·ing, scar·i·fies
To make shallow cuts in the skin, as when vaccinating.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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