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13 Essential Literary Terms

scarves

[skahrvz] /skɑrvz/
noun
1.
a plural of scarf1 .

scarf1

[skahrf] /skɑrf/
noun, plural scarfs, scarves
[skahrvz] /skɑrvz/ (Show IPA)
1.
a long, broad strip of wool, silk, lace, or other material worn about the neck, shoulders, or head, for ornament or protection against cold, drafts, etc.; muffler.
2.
a necktie or cravat with hanging ends.
3.
a long cover or ornamental cloth for a bureau, table, etc.
verb (used with object)
4.
to cover or wrap with or as if with a scarf.
5.
to use in the manner of a scarf.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; perhaps special use of scarf2
Related forms
scarfless, adjective
scarflike, adjective

scarf2

[skahrf] /skɑrf/
noun, plural scarfs.
1.
a tapered or otherwise-formed end on each of the pieces to be assembled with a scarf joint.
2.
Whaling. a strip of skin along the body of the whale.
verb (used with object)
3.
to assemble with a scarf joint.
4.
to form a scarf on (the end of a timber).
5.
Steelmaking. to burn away the surface defects of (newly rolled steel).
6.
Whaling. to make a groove in and remove (the blubber and skin).
Also, scarph (for defs 1, 3, 4).
Origin
1490-1500; < Old Norse skarfr (derivative of skera to cut) end cut from a beam (hence perhaps a piece of cloth cut off, i.e., scarf1); compare Swedish skarv patch
Related forms
scarfer, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for scarves
  • The pieces in the exhibit are far from knitted scarves and ceramic cups.
  • Our department chair has a flair for brightly coloured corduroy and scarves.
  • Out in the burbs, there's nothing to cut the gales, and they find the chinks in your long underwear and scarves.
  • She was bundled up, a thick woolen cap drawn over her head, and two scarves covering much of her face.
  • They'd been screaming and waving their flags and scarves all day.
  • As with perfume and scarves, high-end shoes have been kicking up dust in the face of shoppers with shrinking bank accounts.
  • The fortune-teller had heavily rouged cheeks and wore cheap perfume, and her raspberry-colored scarves needed cleaning.
  • Students loitered in groups in the main courtyard, bulky scarves wound elegantly around their necks.
  • There couldn't have been more than twenty-five, thirty of us scattered around the pews in our overcoats and scarves.
  • scarves of specific colors indicate the position one holds in the government.
British Dictionary definitions for scarves

scarves

/skɑːvz/
noun
1.
a plural of scarf1

scarf1

/skɑːf/
noun (pl) scarves (skɑːvz), scarfs
1.
a rectangular, triangular, or long narrow piece of cloth worn around the head, neck, or shoulders for warmth or decoration
verb (transitive) (rare)
2.
to wrap with or as if with a scarf
3.
to use as or in the manner of a scarf
Word Origin
C16: of uncertain origin; compare Old Norman French escarpe, Medieval Latin scrippum pilgrim's pack; see scrip²

scarf2

/skɑːf/
noun (pl) scarfs
1.
Also called scarf joint, scarfed joint. a lapped joint between two pieces of timber made by notching or grooving the ends and strapping, bolting, or gluing the two pieces together
2.
the end of a piece of timber shaped to form such a joint
3.
(NZ) a wedge-shaped cut made in a tree before felling, to determine the direction of the fall
4.
(whaling) an incision made along a whale's body before stripping off the blubber
verb (transitive)
5.
to join (two pieces of timber) by means of a scarf
6.
to make a scarf on (a piece of timber)
7.
to cut a scarf in (a whale)
Word Origin
C14: probably from Scandinavian; compare Norwegian skarv, Swedish skarf, Low German, Dutch scherfscarf1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for scarves

scarf

n.

"band of silk, strip of cloth," 1550s, "a band worn across the body or over the shoulders," probably from Old North French escarpe "sash, sling," which probably is identical with Old French escherpe "pilgrim's purse suspended from the neck," perhaps from Frankish *skirpja or some other Germanic source (cf. Old Norse skreppa "small bag, wallet, satchel"), or from Medieval Latin scirpa "little bag woven of rushes," from Latin scirpus "rush, bulrush," of unknown origin [Klein]. As a cold-weather covering for the neck, first recorded 1844. Plural scarfs began to yield to scarves early 18c., on model of half/halves, etc.

"connecting joint," late 13c., probably from a Scandinavian source (cf. Old Norse skarfr "nail for fastening a joint," Swedish skarf, Norwegian skarv). A general North Sea Germanic ship-building word (cf. Dutch scherf), the exact relationship of all these is unclear. Also borrowed into Romanic (cf. French écart, Spanish escarba); perhaps ultimately from Proto-Germanic *skarfaz (cf. Old English sceorfan "to gnaw, bite"), from PIE *(s)ker- "to cut" (see shear (v.)). Also used as a verb.

v.

"eat hastily," 1960, U.S. teen slang, originally a noun meaning "food, meal" (1932), perhaps imitative, or from scoff (attested in a similar sense from 1846). Or perhaps from a dialectal survival of Old English sceorfan "to gnaw, bite" (see scarf (n.2)); a similar word is found in a South African context in the 1600s. Related: Scarfed; scarfing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for scarves

scarf

noun

Food; a meal; chow, scoff (1930s+ Teenagers fr black)

verb
  1. (also scarf down or scarf up) To eat or drink, esp voraciously; consume: puffing on his morning joint, eating cereal, and scarfing up a beer/ People scarf up food after truck overturns/ scarfed down Milky Ways flambe (1950+)
  2. To do cunnilingus: Scarf her a few times: eat her box, in other words (1960s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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12
14
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