an expert in science, especially one of the physical or natural sciences.

1825–35; < Latin scient(ia) science + -ist

nonscientist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
scientist (ˈsaɪəntɪst)
a person who studies or practises any of the sciences or who uses scientific methods

Scientist (ˈsaɪəntɪst)
1.  Christian Science Christ as supreme spiritual healer
2.  See Christian Science short for Christian Scientist

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1834, coined from L. scientia (see science) by the Rev. William Whewell (17941866), Eng. polymath, by analogy with artist.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Climate scientist warns world of widespread suffering if further climate change
  is not forestalled.
The budding scientist learned that animal biology required too much killing for
  his taste.
After an update to its software, a robot scientist has recycled its previous
  research to make a new biological discovery.
The program there helps him broaden his skills in entrepreneurship, among other
  skills useful to an aspiring scientist.
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