scleritis

scleritis

[skli-rahy-tis]
noun Pathology.
inflammation of the sclera.


Origin:
1860–65; scler- + -itis

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Collins
World English Dictionary
scleritis or sclerotitis (sklɪəˈraɪtɪs, ˌsklɪərəʊˈtaɪtɪs)
 
n
pathol inflammation of the sclera
 
sclerotitis or sclerotitis
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

scleritis scle·ri·tis (sklə-rī'tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the sclera.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera, the white part of the eye. The inflammation is immune-mediated and is commonly associated with underlying systemic infections, such as shingles (herpes zoster), syphilis, and tuberculosis, or with autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Scleritis generally occurs in people in their fourth to sixth decades of life, affects women more often than men, and frequently affects both eyes. It usually produces a severe, deep ocular pain and a localized or diffuse reddish purple discoloration of the sclera. On occasion, scleritis can be severe enough to destroy areas of the sclera and pose a significant threat to the health and visual function of the eye. Other eye complications of scleritis include uveitis, cataracts, keratitis, and glaucoma. Scleritis can also be a harbinger of serious, life-threatening systemic illness. Treatment ranges from topical corticosteroid eye drops to oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Treatment of underlying systemic disease, such as with immunosuppressive medication, may also be a critical component of overall therapy.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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