sclerophyll

[skleer-uh-fil] Botany.
adjective
1.
Also, sclerophyllous [skleer-uh-fil-uhs] . of, pertaining to, or exhibiting sclerophylly.
noun
2.
a plant exhibiting sclerophylly.

Origin:
1910–15; sclero- + -phyll

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Collins
World English Dictionary
sclerophyll (ˈsklɛrəʊˌfɪl)
 
n
a woody plant with small leathery evergreen leaves that is the dominant plant form in certain hot dry areas, esp the Mediterranean region
 
[C20: from Greek sklēros hard + phullon a leaf]
 
sclerophyllous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sclerophyll

type of vegetation characterized by hard, leathery, evergreen foliage that is specially adapted to prevent moisture loss. Broad-leaved sclerophyll vegetation, including species such as holly (Ilex), is known as Mediterranean vegetation (q.v.) because it is characteristic of regions with a Mediterranean climate-hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Narrow-leaved sclerophyll vegetation is characteristic of species such as pines

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Coniferous trees and some types of brush present a different type of hazard, as their needles contain sclerophyll.
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