[skoh-lee-oh-sis, skol-ee-]
noun Pathology.
an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
Compare kyphosis, lordosis.

1700–10; < Greek skolíōsis a bending

scoliotic [skoh-lee-ot-ik] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
scoliosis (ˌskɒlɪˈəʊsɪs)
pathol kyphosis Compare lordosis an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, of congenital origin or caused by trauma or disease of the vertebrae or hipbones
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek: a curving, from skolios bent]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1706, from Mod.L., from Gk. skoliosis "crookedness," from skolios "bent, curved," from PIE base *(s)qel- "crooked, curved, bent, perverted."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

scoliosis sco·li·o·sis (skō'lē-ō'sĭs, skŏl'ē-)
A condition of lateral curvature of the spine, which may have just one curve or primary and secondary compensatory curves and be fixed or mobile.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
scoliosis   (skō'lē-ō'sĭs)  Pronunciation Key 
A lateral curvature of the spine, usually having no known cause and occurring most commonly in preteen and adolescent girls.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The treatments for scoliosis are not always straightforward.
And sometime after that, she will have surgery to correct her scoliosis.
Warden has severe rheumatoid arthritis, spinal stenosis and scoliosis and is almost completely deaf.
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