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scop

[skop] /skɒp/
noun
1.
an Old English bard or poet.
Origin
900
before 900; learned borrowing (19th century) of Old English scop; cognate with Old Norse skop mocking, Old High German skof derision
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for scop

scop

/skɒp/
noun
1.
(in Anglo-Saxon England) a bard or minstrel
Word Origin
Old English: related to Old Norse skop, skaup, Old High German scof, scopf poem
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for scop
n.

"poet, minstrel," Old English scop, cognate with Old High German scoph "poetry, sport, jest," Old Norse skop "railing, mockery" (see scoff (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for scop

an Anglo-Saxon minstrel, usually attached to a particular royal court, although scops also traveled to various courts to recite their poetry. In addition to being an entertainer who composed and performed his own works, the scop served as a kind of historian and preserver of the oral tradition of the Germanic peoples. The Old English poem "Widsith" (probably 7th century), a fictional biography of a scop, gives an idea of the status and role of the scop in society.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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