|scopolamine (skəˈpɒləˌmiːn, -mɪn, ˌskəʊpəˈlæmɪn)|
|See also atropine Also called: hyoscine a colourless viscous liquid alkaloid extracted from certain plants, such as henbane: used in preventing travel sickness and as an anticholinergic, sedative, and truth serum. Formula: C17H21NO4|
|[C20 scopol- from New Latin scopolia Japonica Japanese belladonna (from which the alkaloid is extracted), named after G. A. Scopoli (1723--88), Italian naturalist, + |
scopolamine sco·pol·a·mine (skə-pŏl'ə-mēn', -mĭn)
A thick, syrupy, colorless alkaloid extracted from plants such as henbane and used as a mydriatic, sedative, and truth serum. Also called hyoscine.
|scopolamine (skə-pŏl'ə-mēn', -mĭn) Pronunciation Key
A poisonous, syrupy, colorless alkaloid extracted from plants such as deadly nightshade and henbane. Scopolamine depresses the central nervous system and is used primarily as a sedative and to dilate the pupils, treat nausea, and prevent motion sickness. Chemical formula: C17H21NO4.
alkaloid drug obtained from a number of plants of the family Solenaceae, including nightshade, henbane, and jimsonweed. Scopolamine is an effective remedy for motion sickness, probably because of its ability to depress the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Like atropine, it has a depressant action on parasympathetic nerves and in larger doses on autonomic ganglia. Scopolamine is also used to dry up secretions and dilate the bronchi during anesthesia and to dilate the pupil during ophthalmological procedures. The drug is the most pharmacologically active of several alkaloid substances found in belladonna, partly because of its greater solubility, which permits more rapid passage to the site of action
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