scotch

1 [skoch]
verb (used with object)
1.
to put a definite end to; crush; stamp out; foil: to scotch a rumor; to scotch a plan.
2.
to cut, gash, or score.
3.
to injure so as to make harmless.
4.
to block or prop with a wedge or chock.
noun
5.
a cut, gash, or score.
6.
a block or wedge put under a wheel, barrel, etc., to prevent slipping.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English scocche (noun and v.), perhaps blend of score and notch (> Anglo-French escocher)

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scotch

2 [skoch]
verb (used with object), noun Masonry.
scutch ( defs 2, 4 ).

Scotch

[skoch]
adjective
1.
of Scottish origin; resembling or regarded as characteristic of Scotland or the Scottish people (used outside Scotland): Scotch plaid.
2.
Sometimes Offensive. Scottish ( def 1 ).
3.
(usually lowercase) Informal. frugal; provident; thrifty.
noun
4.
(used with a plural verb) Sometimes Offensive. the Scottish people; Scots.
5.
(often lowercase) Scotch whisky.
6.
Sometimes Offensive. Scots ( def 1 ).

Origin:
1585–95; syncopated variant of Scottish

Scot, Scotch, Scottish (see usage note at the current entry).


The natives of Scotland refer to themselves as Scots or, in the singular, Scot, Scotsman, or Scotswoman. The related adjectives are Scottish or, less commonly, Scots. Scotch as a noun or adjective is objected to except when used of whisky and in established phrases like Scotch egg and Scotch pine. In the United States, Scotch is often used where the Scots themselves, or some Americans of Scottish descent, would prefer Scottish or Scots. The term Scotch-Irish is standard in the United States for the descendants of the Scots of Ulster who immigrated to America beginning in the 18th century.
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World English Dictionary
scotch1 (skɒtʃ)
 
vb
1.  to put an end to; crush: bad weather scotched our plans
2.  archaic to injure so as to render harmless
3.  obsolete to cut or score
 
n
4.  archaic a gash; scratch
5.  a line marked down, as for hopscotch
 
[C15: of obscure origin]

scotch2 (skɒtʃ)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to block, prop, or prevent from moving with or as if with a wedge
 
n
2.  a block or wedge to prevent motion
 
[C17: of obscure origin]

Scotch1 (skɒtʃ)
 
adj
1.  another word for Scottish
 
n
2.  the Scots or their language
 
usage  In the north of England and in Scotland, Scotch is not used outside fixed expressions such as Scotch whisky. The use of Scotch for Scots or Scottish is otherwise felt to be incorrect, esp when applied to people

Scotch2 (skɒtʃ)
 
n
1.  Also called: Scotch whisky whisky distilled esp from fermented malted barley and made in Scotland
2.  (Northeast English) a type of relatively mild beer

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Scotch
"of Scotland," 1591, contraction of Scottish. Disdained by the Scottish because of the many insulting and pejorative formations made from it by the English (e.g. Scotch attorney, a Jamaica term from 1864 for strangler vines). As a noun, elliptical for Scotch whisky, it is attested from 1778. Scotch-Irish
is from 1876; more properly Scots-Irish (1972), from Scots (c.1352), the older adj., which is from Scottis, the northern variant of Scottish. Scotch Tape was said to be so called because at first it had adhesive only on the edges (to make it easier to remove as a masking tape in car paint jobs), which was interpreted as a sign of cheapness on the part of the manufacturers.

scotch
"stamp out, crush," 1825, earlier "make harmless for a time" (1798; a sense that derives from the reading of "Macbeth" III.ii.13), from scocchen "to cut, score, gash" (c.1412), perhaps from Anglo-Fr. escocher, O.Fr. cocher "to notch, nick," from coche "a notch, groove," probably from L. coccum "berry
of the scarlet oak," which appears notched, from Gk. kokkos.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The upper economic strata dull the stimulation by drinking plenty of scotch whiskey, which also leads to inefficiency at work.
Devotees of scotch and water should be advised they may never attain the perfect blend.
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