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scrape

[skreyp] /skreɪp/
verb (used with object), scraped, scraping.
1.
to deprive of or free from an outer layer, adhering matter, etc., or to smooth by drawing or rubbing something, especially a sharp or rough instrument, over the surface:
to scrape a table to remove paint and varnish.
2.
to remove (an outer layer, adhering matter, etc.) in this way:
to scrape the paint and varnish from a table.
3.
to scratch, injure, or mar the surface of in this way:
to scrape one's arm on a rough wall.
4.
to produce by scraping:
He scraped his initials on the rock.
5.
to collect or do by or as if by scraping; do or gather laboriously or with difficulty (usually followed by up or together):
They managed to scrape together a football team.
6.
to rub harshly on or across (something):
Don't scrape the floor with your boots!
7.
to draw or rub (a thing) roughly across something:
Scrape your shoes on the doormat before you come in.
8.
to level (an unpaved road) with a grader.
verb (used without object), scraped, scraping.
9.
to scrape something.
10.
to rub against something gratingly.
11.
to produce a grating and unmusical tone from a string instrument.
12.
to draw one's foot back noisily along the ground in making a bow.
13.
to manage or get by with difficulty or with only the barest margin:
I barely scraped through on the test.
14.
to economize or save by attention to even the slightest amounts:
By careful scraping they managed to survive.
noun
15.
an act or instance of scraping.
16.
a drawing back of the foot noisily along the ground in making a bow.
17.
a harsh, shrill, or scratching sound made by scraping.
18.
a scraped place:
a scrape on one's elbow.
19.
an embarrassing or distressing situation; predicament:
He is always in some kind of a scrape.
20.
a difference of opinion, fight, or quarrel; scrap.
Origin
1000
before 1000; (v.) Middle English scrapen < Old Norse skrapa; replacing Middle English shrapen, Old English scrapian to scratch (cognate with Old Norse skrapa); (noun) late Middle English: scraper, derivative of the v.
Related forms
scrapable, adjective
scrapeage, noun
unscraped, adjective
Synonyms
14. scrimp, stint, pinch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for scrape

scrape

/skreɪp/
verb
1.
to move (a rough or sharp object) across (a surface), esp to smooth or clean
2.
(transitive; often foll by away or off) to remove (a layer) by rubbing
3.
to produce a harsh or grating sound by rubbing against (an instrument, surface, etc)
4.
(transitive) to injure or damage by rough contact: to scrape one's knee
5.
(intransitive) to be very economical or sparing in the use (of) (esp in the phrase scrimp and scrape)
6.
(intransitive) to draw the foot backwards in making a bow
7.
(transitive) to finish (a surface) by use of a scraper
8.
(transitive) to make (a bearing, etc) fit by scraping
9.
bow and scrape, to behave with excessive humility
noun
10.
the act of scraping
11.
a scraped place
12.
a harsh or grating sound
13.
(informal) an awkward or embarrassing predicament
14.
(informal) a conflict or struggle
Derived Forms
scrapable, adjective
scraper, noun
Word Origin
Old English scrapian; related to Old Norse skrapa, Middle Dutch schrapen, Middle High German schraffen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for scrape
v.

early 13c., probably from Old Norse skrapa "to scrape, erase," from Proto-Germanic *skrapojan (cf. Old English scrapian "to scrape," Dutch schrapen, German schrappen), from PIE *skerb-, extension of root *(s)ker- "to cut" (see shear (v.)).

Meaning "gather by great effort, collect with difficulty" is from 1540s. Related: Scraped; scraping. To scrape the bottom of the barrel in figurative sense is from 1942, in reference to U.S. employers facing worker shortages during the war.

n.

mid-15c., "a scraping instrument;" late 15c., "act of scraping or scratching," from scrape (v.). Meaning "a shave" is slang from 1859. Meaning "embarrassing or awkward predicament" is recorded from 1709, as OED suggests, "probably from the notion of being 'scraped' in going through a narrow passage."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with scrape
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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