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scutage

[skyoo-tij] /ˈskyu tɪdʒ/
noun
1.
(in the feudal system) a payment exacted by a lord in lieu of military service due to him by the holder of a fee.
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English < Medieval Latin scūtāgium. See scutum, -age
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for scutage

scutage

/ˈskjuːtɪdʒ/
noun
1.
(in feudal society) a payment sometimes exacted by a lord from his vassal in lieu of military service
Word Origin
C15: from Medieval Latin scūtāgium, literally: shield dues, from Latin scūtum a shield
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for scutage

(scutage from Latin scutum, "shield"), in feudal law, payment made by a knight to commute the military service that he owed his lord. A lord might accept from his vassal a sum of money (or something else of value, often a horse) in lieu of service on some expedition. The system was advantageous to both sides and grew rapidly with the expansion of money economy in Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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