an act or instance of seceding.
(often initial capital letter) U.S. History. the withdrawal from the Union of 11 Southern states in the period 1860–61, which brought on the Civil War.
(usually initial capital letter) Fine Arts. a style of art in Germany and Austria concurrent with and related to Art Nouveau.

1525–35; < Latin sēcessiōn- (stem of sēcessiō) withdrawal, equivalent to sēcess(us) (past participle of sēcēdere to secede; see cession) + -iōn- -ion

secessional, adjective
nonsecession, noun
nonsecessional, adjective

cession, secession, session. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
secession (sɪˈsɛʃən)
1.  the act of seceding
2.  chiefly (US) (often capital) the withdrawal in 1860--61 of 11 Southern states from the Union to form the Confederacy, precipitating the American Civil War
[C17: from Latin sēcessiō a withdrawing, from sēcēdere to secede]
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from L. secessionem (nom. secessio), from pp. stem of secedere "secede," from se- "apart" (see secret) + cedere "to go" (see cede). Originally in a Roman historical context, "temporary migration of plebeians from the city to compel patricians
to address their grievances;" modern use in reference to religious or political unions dates from 1650s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

secession definition

The withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern states in 1860 and 1861. The seceding states formed a government, the Confederacy, in early 1861. Hostilities against the remaining United States, the Union, began in April 1861 (see Fort Sumter), and the Civil War followed.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The tension over money abetted talk of secession and an unusually divisive political season this fall.
His reluctance to make definitive public statements on the secession crisis was an ongoing theme in his remarks on this journey.
The political virus of secession was planted there long before the disease broke out here.
Secession proposal for more information, see new york city secession.
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