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secretary

[sek-ri-ter-ee] /ˈsɛk rɪˌtɛr i/
noun, plural secretaries.
1.
a person, usually an official, who is in charge of the records, correspondence, minutes of meetings, and related affairs of an organization, company, association, etc.:
the secretary of the Linguistic Society of America.
2.
a person employed to handle correspondence and do routine work in a business office, usually involving taking dictation, typing, filing, and the like.
4.
(often initial capital letter) an officer of state charged with the superintendence and management of a particular department of government, as a member of the president's cabinet in the U.S.:
Secretary of the Treasury.
5.
Also called diplomatic secretary. a diplomatic official of an embassy or legation who ranks below a counselor and is usually assigned as first secretary, second secretary, or third secretary.
6.
a piece of furniture for use as a writing desk.
7.
Also called secretary bookcase. a desk with bookshelves on top of it.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English secretarie one trusted with private or secret matters; confidant < Medieval Latin sēcrētārius < Latin sēcrēt(um) secret (noun) + -ārius -ary
Related forms
secretaryship, noun
subsecretary, noun, plural subsecretaries.
subsecretaryship, noun
undersecretaryship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for secretary
  • The secretary, for instance, cannot relieve himself from the responsibility of his office by resigning.
  • If anyone knows about the need to avoid even the appearance of conflict, it's the deputy secretary.
  • Each group of experienced weavers has a small corporate structure with a board including a president, treasurer, and secretary.
  • The president-elect was dictating memos to his secretary in between clicks of the camera.
  • In this corner: a defense secretary who takes a dim view of an expensive, delayed vehicle.
  • The chair's secretary asks for your return ticket so they can cash it in and use it for someone else.
  • He worked for the agriculture secretary during the mad-cow crisis.
  • The new health secretary is doing his best to defuse expectations.
  • He appoints a secretary of education, a member of his cabinet.
  • He puts the question to vote on the nomination as described above, or as below, in case of the secretary.
British Dictionary definitions for secretary

secretary

/ˈsɛkrətrɪ; -ərɪ/
noun (pl) -taries
1.
a person who handles correspondence, keeps records, and does general clerical work for an individual, organization, etc
2.
the official manager of the day-to-day business of a society or board
3.
(in Britain) a senior civil servant who assists a government minister
4.
(in the US and New Zealand) the head of a government administrative department
5.
(in Britain) See secretary of state (sense 1)
6.
(in Australia) the head of a public service department
7.
(diplomacy) the assistant to an ambassador or diplomatic minister of certain countries
8.
another name for secretaire
Derived Forms
secretarial (ˌsɛkrɪˈtɛərɪəl) adjective
secretaryship, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin sēcrētārius, from Latin sēcrētum something hidden; see secret
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for secretary
n.

late 14c., "person entrusted with secrets," from Medieval Latin secretarius "clerk, notary, confidential officer, confidant," a title applied to various confidential officers, noun use of adjective meaning "private, secret, pertaining to private or secret matters" (cf. Latin secretarium "a council-chamber, conclave, consistory"), from Latin secretum "a secret, a hidden thing" (see secret (n.)).

Meaning "person who keeps records, write letters, etc.," originally for a king, first recorded c.1400. As title of ministers presiding over executive departments of state, it is from 1590s. The word also is used in both French and English to mean "a private desk," sometimes in French form secretaire. The South African secretary bird so called (1786) in reference to its crest, which, when smooth, resembles a pen stuck over the ear. Cf. Late Latin silentiarius "privy councilor, 'silentiary," from Latin silentium "a being silent."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for secretary

escritoire

a writing desk fitted with drawers, one of which can be pulled out and the front lowered to provide a flat writing surface. There are many variations to this basic design. Early versions, which appeared in France in the first half of the 18th century, were made in one piece divided into two sections. The lower section consisted of a cupboard compartment closed in by solid or sliding doors that sometimes concealed a set of drawers; in some cases, however, the drawers were open to view. The upper section included a drop front that, when lowered, provided the writing surface and revealed an inner section fitted with various receptacles (such as pigeonholes, drawers, and recesses) for ink, paper, documents, and the like. Although this type persisted, a number of variations occurred, such as the addition of mirror doors above the upper, drop-front section and, later, the insertion of a space in the lower part of the secretary to accommodate the knees of the writer, the drawers being divided into two sections on either side of the arched recess.

Learn more about escritoire with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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