sedan

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Sedan

[si-dan; French suh-dahn]
noun
a city in NE France, on the Meuse River: defeat and capture of Napoleon III 1870.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sedan (sɪˈdæn)
 
n
1.  (US), (Canadian), (NZ) Also called (in Britain and certain other countries): saloon a closed two-door or four-door car with four to six seats
2.  short for sedan chair
 
[C17: of uncertain origin; compare Latin sēdēs seat]

Sedan (French sədɑ̃, English sɪˈdæn)
 
n
a town in NE France, on the River Meuse: passed to France in 1642; a Protestant stronghold (16th--17th centuries); scene of a French defeat (1870) during the Franco-Prussian War and of a battle (1940) in World War II, which began the German invasion of France. Pop: 20 548 (1999)

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sedan
1635, "covered chair on poles," possibly from a southern Italian dialect derivative of It. sede "chair" (cf. It. seggietta, 1598; the thing itself was said to have been introduced from Naples), from L. sedes, related to sedere "sit" (see sedentary). Since Johnson's conjecture,
often derived from the town of Sedan in France, where it was said to have been made or first used, but historical evidence for this is lacking. Introduced in England by Sir Sanders Duncombe in 1634 and firs called a covered chair. "In Paris the sedan-chair man was usually an Auvergnat, in London an Irishman" ["Encyclopedia Britannica," 1929]. Meaning "closed automobile seating four or more" first recorded 1912, Amer.Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sedan

town, Ardennes departement, Champagne-Ardenne region, northeastern France. Sedan is situated 9 miles (14 km) southwest of the Belgian frontier. It lies on the right bank of the Meuse River along a loop in the river in a depression between two ridges. Most of the 17th- and 18th-century houses in the centre of the town were destroyed during the German invasion of France in 1940 during World War II. The 15th-century castle is locally claimed to be the largest in Europe. A statue has been erected in the centre of the town to Marshal Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, the famous 17th-century French soldier, who was born in the chateau of the stronghold.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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