sedan chair

sedan chair

noun
an enclosed vehicle for one person, borne on poles by two bearers and common during the 17th and 18th centuries.

Origin:
1740–50

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sedan chair
 
n
Sometimes shortened to: sedan a closed chair for one passenger, carried on poles by two bearers. It was commonly used in the 17th and 18th centuries

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sedan chair

portable, enclosed chair mounted on horizontally placed parallel poles and carried by men or animals. In Italy, France, and England, in the 17th and 18th centuries, sedans became highly luxurious and were often elaborately carved and upholstered and painted with mythological scenes or heraldic devices. In England, in 1634, Sir Sanders Duncombe received a royal patent to be the sole supplier of rental, or hackney, sedans for 14 years, a reward for having imported the sedan chair, probably from Naples. Sedan chairs were welcomed in England as a relief from the swarm of coaches then clogging London streets.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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