on only a few occasions; rarely; infrequently; not often: We seldom see our old neighbors anymore.
rare; infrequent.

before 900; Middle English; Old English seldum, variant of seldan; cognate with German selten, Gothic silda-

seldomness, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
seldom (ˈsɛldəm)
not often; rarely
[Old English seldon; related to Old Norse sjāldan, Old High German seltan]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. seldum, alteration of seldan "rare," on analogy of adverbial dative plurals in -um (e.g. whilom "at one time"), from P.Gmc. *selda- "strange, rare" (cf. O.N. sjaldan, O.Fris. selden, Du. zelden, Ger. selten), perhaps ult. from the base of self (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The end of the road is seldom accompanied by teeming civilization, which is the
  essence of its seduction.
Actually, the winters are so mild here that lows seldom fall below freezing.
As you might expect, mâche grows as easily as a weed, but you'll need to start
  from seed since plants are seldom sold.
Nurseries seldom sell these as plants, but you can easily start them from seed.
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