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discrimination

[dih-skrim-uh-ney-shuh n] /dɪˌskrɪm əˈneɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
an act or instance of discriminating, or of making a distinction.
2.
treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit:
racial and religious intolerance and discrimination.
3.
the power of making fine distinctions; discriminating judgment:
She chose the colors with great discrimination.
4.
Archaic. something that serves to differentiate.
Origin of discrimination
1640-1650
1640-50; < Latin discrīminātiōn- (stem of discrīminātiō) a distinguishing. See discriminate, -ion
Related forms
discriminational, adjective
antidiscrimination, adjective
nondiscrimination, noun
prediscrimination, noun
self-discrimination, noun
Synonyms
3. discernment, taste, acumen, perception.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-discrimination

discrimination

/dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃən/
noun
1.
unfair treatment of a person, racial group, minority, etc; action based on prejudice
2.
subtle appreciation in matters of taste
3.
the ability to see fine distinctions and differences
4.
(electronics) the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc, effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator
Derived Forms
discriminational, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for self-discrimination

discrimination

n.

1640s, "the making of distinctions," from Late Latin discriminationem (nominative discriminatio), noun of action from past participle stem of discriminare (see discriminate). Especially in a prejudicial way, based on race, 1866, American English. Meaning "discernment" is from 1814.

It especially annoys me when racists are accused of 'discrimination.' The ability to discriminate is a precious facility; by judging all members of one 'race' to be the same, the racist precisely shows himself incapable of discrimination. [Christopher Hitchens]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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