semaphore

[sem-uh-fawr, -fohr]
noun
1.
an apparatus for conveying information by means of visual signals, as a light whose position may be changed.
2.
any of various devices for signaling by changing the position of a light, flag, etc.
3.
a system of signaling, especially a system by which a special flag is held in each hand and various positions of the arms indicate specific letters, numbers, etc.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), semaphored, semaphoring.
4.
to signal by semaphore or by some system of flags.

Origin:
1810–20; < Greek sêma sign + -phore

semaphoric [sem-uh-fawr-ik, -for-] , semaphorical, adjective
semaphorically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
semaphore (ˈsɛməˌfɔː)
 
n
1.  an apparatus for conveying information by means of visual signals, as with movable arms or railway signals, flags, etc
2.  a system of signalling by holding a flag in each hand and moving the arms to designated positions to denote each letter of the alphabet
 
vb
3.  to signal (information) by means of semaphore
 
[C19: via French, from Greek sēma a signal + -phore]
 
semaphoric
 
adj
 
sema'phorical
 
adj
 
sema'phorically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

semaphore
"apparatus for signaling," 1816, probably from Fr. sémaphore, lit. "a bearer of signals," ult. from Gk. sema "sign, signal" + phoros "bearer," from pherein "to carry" (see infer).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

semaphore definition

programming, operating system
The classic method for restricting access to shared resources (e.g. storage) in a multi-processing environment. They were invented by Dijkstra and first used in T.H.E operating system.
A semaphore is a protected variable (or abstract data type) which can only be accessed using the following operations:
P(s) Semaphore s; while (s == 0) ; /* wait until s&gt;0 */ s = s-1;
V(s) Semaphore s; s = s+1;
Init(s, v) Semaphore s; Int v; s = v;
P and V stand for Dutch "Proberen", to test, and "Verhogen", to increment. The value of a semaphore is the number of units of the resource which are free (if there is only one resource a "binary semaphore" with values 0 or 1 is used). The P operation busy-waits (or maybe sleeps) until a resource is available whereupon it immediately claims one. V is the inverse, it simply makes a resource available again after the process has finished using it. Init is only used to initialise the semaphore before any requests are made. The P and V operations must be indivisible, i.e. no other process can access the semaphore during the their execution.
To avoid busy-waiting, a semaphore may have an associated queue of processes (usually a FIFO). If a process does a P on a semaphore which is zero the process is added to the semaphore's queue. When another process increments the semaphore by doing a V and there are tasks on the queue, one is taken off and resumed.
(1995-02-01)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
In original form, the turn signals were not blinking lamps, but lighted
  semaphore arms that flipped out from the side pillars.
Bloggers and tweeters are quoted freely as semaphore from the streets.
The brow has evolved further into a semaphore of fashion awareness.
Her eyes can be opened and closed, but not enough to semaphore messages.
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