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seneschal

[sen-uh-shuh l] /ˈsɛn ə ʃəl/
noun
1.
an officer having full charge of domestic arrangements, ceremonies, the administration of justice, etc., in the household of a medieval prince or dignitary; steward.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Middle French < Frankish; compare Medieval Latin seniscalcus senior servant, cognate with Old High German senescalh (sene- old, senior + scalh servant)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for seneschal

seneschal

/ˈsɛnɪʃəl/
noun
1.
a steward of the household of a medieval prince or nobleman who took charge of domestic arrangements, etc
2.
(Brit) a cathedral official
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin siniscalcus, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German senescalh oldest servant, from sene- old + scalh a servant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for seneschal
seneschal
1393, from O.Fr. seneschal, from Frankish Latin siniscalcus, from P.Gmc. *sini-skalk "senior servant;" first element cognate with L. senex "old" (see senile); second element deom P.Gmc. *skalkoz "servant" (cf. Goth. skalks, O.H.G. scalc, O.E. scealc; see marshal).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for seneschal

senechal

in medieval and early modern France, a steward or principal administrator in a royal or noble household. As time went on, the office declined in importance and was often equivalent to that of a bailiff (q.v.); the office and title persisted until the French Revolution.

Learn more about senechal with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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