seneschal

seneschal

[sen-uh-shuhl]
noun
an officer having full charge of domestic arrangements, ceremonies, the administration of justice, etc., in the household of a medieval prince or dignitary; steward.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Frankish; compare Medieval Latin seniscalcus senior servant, cognate with Old High German senescalh (sene- old, senior + scalh servant)

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Collins
World English Dictionary
seneschal (ˈsɛnɪʃəl)
 
n
1.  a steward of the household of a medieval prince or nobleman who took charge of domestic arrangements, etc
2.  (Brit) a cathedral official
 
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin siniscalcus, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German senescalh oldest servant, from sene- old + scalh a servant]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

seneschal
1393, from O.Fr. seneschal, from Frankish Latin siniscalcus, from P.Gmc. *sini-skalk "senior servant;" first element cognate with L. senex "old" (see senile); second element deom P.Gmc. *skalkoz "servant" (cf. Goth. skalks, O.H.G. scalc, O.E. scealc; see marshal).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

seneschal

in medieval and early modern France, a steward or principal administrator in a royal or noble household. As time went on, the office declined in importance and was often equivalent to that of a bailiff (q.v.); the office and title persisted until the French Revolution.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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