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[surj] /sɜrdʒ/
a twilled worsted or woolen fabric used especially for clothing.
cotton, rayon, or silk in a twill weave.
Origin of serge1
1350-1400; < French; replacing Middle English sarge < Middle French < Vulgar Latin *sārica, for Latin sērica (lāna) Chinese (wool), i.e., silk; see seric-
Can be confused
serge, surge.


[surj] /sɜrdʒ/
verb (used with object), serged, serging.
to overcast (unfinished seams or edges, as in a fabric or rug), especially by machine, in order to prevent fraying.
perhaps to be identified with serge1, though sense shift is unclear


[surj; French serzh] /sɜrdʒ; French sɛrʒ/
a male given name. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for serge
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Far away a long murmur rose from the forest trees, and serge listened, thinking: 'They are talking of us.'

  • Anthony's Browning was in Monny's hand, and hidden only under her serge coat.

    It Happened in Egypt C. N. Williamson
  • It is all very well to talk of love's solitude; in about a fortnight, passed tete-a-tete, serge will be glad to have us.

    Serge Panine, Complete Georges Ohnet
  • When her brother serge was appointed priest of Les Artaud, she accompanied him there.

    A Zola Dictionary J. G. Patterson
  • On the terrace serge Rnine suddenly leapt to his feet with so uneasy an air that Hortense was astonished.

British Dictionary definitions for serge


a twill-weave woollen or worsted fabric used for clothing
a similar twilled cotton, silk, or rayon fabric
Word Origin
C14: from Old French sarge, from Vulgar Latin sārica (unattested), from Latin sēricum, from Greek sērikon silk, from sērikos silken, from sēr silkworm
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for serge

late 14c., from Old French serge (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *sarica, in Medieval Latin "cloth of wool mixed with silk or linen," from Latin serica (vestis) "silken (garment)," from serica, from Greek serike, fem. of serikos "silken" (see silk). The French word is the source of German sarsche, Danish sarge, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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