1 [surj]
a twilled worsted or woolen fabric used especially for clothing.
cotton, rayon, or silk in a twill weave.

1350–1400; < French; replacing Middle English sarge < Middle French < Vulgar Latin *sārica, for Latin sērica (lāna) Chinese (wool), i.e., silk; see seric- Unabridged


2 [surj]
verb (used with object), serged, serging.
to overcast (unfinished seams or edges, as in a fabric or rug), especially by machine, in order to prevent fraying.

perhaps to be identified with serge1, though sense shift is unclear


[surj; French serzh]
a male given name. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
serge (sɜːdʒ)
1.  a twill-weave woollen or worsted fabric used for clothing
2.  a similar twilled cotton, silk, or rayon fabric
[C14: from Old French sarge, from Vulgar Latin sārica (unattested), from Latin sēricum, from Greek sērikon silk, from sērikos silken, from sēr silkworm]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1382, from O.Fr. serge, from V.L. *sarica, in M.L. "cloth of wool mixed with silk or linen," from L. serica (vestis) "silken (garment)," from serica, from Gk. serike, fem. of serikos "silken" (see silk). The Fr. word is the source of Ger. sarsche, Dan. sarge, etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


(from Latin serica, "silk"), fabric much-used for military uniforms, made in an even-sided twill weave and usually clear-finished-that is, the fibre ends on the surface of the cloth are sheared or singed so that the twill weave is prominent. The resulting flat diagonal rib pattern goes from the lower left to the upper right selvage on the right side.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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