serge1

[surj] /sɜrdʒ/
noun
1.
a twilled worsted or woolen fabric used especially for clothing.
2.
cotton, rayon, or silk in a twill weave.
Origin
1350–1400; < French; replacing Middle English sarge < Middle French < Vulgar Latin *sārica, for Latin sērica (lāna) Chinese (wool), i.e., silk; see seric-

serge2

[surj] /sɜrdʒ/
verb (used with object), serged, serging.
1.
to overcast (unfinished seams or edges, as in a fabric or rug), especially by machine, in order to prevent fraying.
Origin
perhaps to be identified with serge1, though sense shift is unclear

Serge

[surj; French serzh] /sɜrdʒ; French sɛrʒ/
noun
1.
a male given name.
British Dictionary definitions for serge
serge (sɜːdʒ)
 
n
1.  a twill-weave woollen or worsted fabric used for clothing
2.  a similar twilled cotton, silk, or rayon fabric
 
[C14: from Old French sarge, from Vulgar Latin sārica (unattested), from Latin sēricum, from Greek sērikon silk, from sērikos silken, from sēr silkworm]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin and History for serge
serge
1382, from O.Fr. serge, from V.L. *sarica, in M.L. "cloth of wool mixed with silk or linen," from L. serica (vestis) "silken (garment)," from serica, from Gk. serike, fem. of serikos "silken" (see silk). The Fr. word is the source of Ger. sarsche, Dan. sarge, etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for serge

(from Latin serica, "silk"), fabric much-used for military uniforms, made in an even-sided twill weave and usually clear-finished-that is, the fibre ends on the surface of the cloth are sheared or singed so that the twill weave is prominent. The resulting flat diagonal rib pattern goes from the lower left to the upper right selvage on the right side.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Tile value for serge

6
7
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