shadoof

shadoof

[shah-doof]
noun
a device used in Egypt and other Eastern countries for raising water, especially for irrigation, consisting of a long suspended rod with a bucket at one end and a weight at the other.
Also, shaduf.


Origin:
1830–40; < Egyptian Arabic shadūf

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World English Dictionary
shadoof or shaduf (ʃəˈduːf)
 
n
a mechanism for raising water, consisting of a pivoted pole with a bucket at one end and a counterweight at the other, esp as used in Egypt and the Near East
 
[C19: from Egyptian Arabic]
 
shaduf or shaduf
 
n
 
[C19: from Egyptian Arabic]

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shadoof

hand-operatedhand-operated device for lifting water, invented in ancient times and still used in India, Egypt, and some other countries to irrigate land. Typically it consists of a long, tapering, nearly horizontal pole mounted like a seesaw. A skin or bucket is hung on a rope from the long end, and a counterweight is hung on the short end. The operator pulls down on a rope attached to the long end to fill the bucket and allows the counterweight to raise the bucket. To raise water to higher levels, a series of shadufs are sometimes mounted one above the other. In India the device is called a denkli, or paecottah.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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