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shadoof

[shah-doof] /ʃɑˈduf/
noun
1.
a device used in Egypt and other Eastern countries for raising water, especially for irrigation, consisting of a long suspended rod with a bucket at one end and a weight at the other.
Also, shaduf.
Origin
Egyptian Arabic
1830-1840
1830-40; < Egyptian Arabic shadūf
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for shadoof

shadoof

/ʃəˈduːf/
noun
1.
a mechanism for raising water, consisting of a pivoted pole with a bucket at one end and a counterweight at the other, esp as used in Egypt and the Near East
Word Origin
C19: from Egyptian Arabic
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for shadoof

shaduf

hand-operated device for lifting water, invented in ancient times and still used in India, Egypt, and some other countries to irrigate land. Typically it consists of a long, tapering, nearly horizontal pole mounted like a seesaw. A skin or bucket is hung on a rope from the long end, and a counterweight is hung on the short end. The operator pulls down on a rope attached to the long end to fill the bucket and allows the counterweight to raise the bucket. To raise water to higher levels, a series of shadufs are sometimes mounted one above the other. In India the device is called a denkli, or paecottah.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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