shah fled to Australia for a time while the situation cooled off.
No, the U.S. would have to vest its hopes in the Iranian military, which was still loyal to the shah.
The FBI were enlisted to investigate the background of Captain shah, the pilot.
title of the king of Persia, 1560s, shaw, from Persian shah, shortened from Old Persian xšayathiya "king," from Indo-Iranian *ksayati "he has power over, rules" from PIE *tke- "to gain control of, gain power over" (cf. Sanskrit ksatram "dominion;" Greek krasthai "to acquire, get," kektesthai "to possess"). His wife is a shahbanu (from banu "lady"); his son is a shahzadah (from zadah "son").