Swarthmore Hillel may need to take a new name (I suggest the obvious “Shammai”).
Hillel and Shammai, the last "Pair," will be treated in a separate chapter.
"Be patient like Hillel, not passionate like Shammai," ran the saying.
He was well versed in the Law, and belonged to the strict school of Shammai, which generally agreed with the Zealots.
In the school of Shammai, the Pharisaic principles were carried to the very extreme.
Shammai was a pessimist saying "It were better not to have been born."
The Pharisees were no friends of his, especially those who were the disciples of Shammai.
Hillel was broad, tolerant and original; Shammai—narrow, strict, and conservative.
But Shammai was not of a gloomy or misanthropical disposition; indeed, he encouraged friendliness in demeanor towards every one.
In Hillel and Shammai, the "Pairs" referred to in chapter viii reached their culmination.