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shammes

[shah-muh s] /ˈʃɑ məs/
noun, plural shammosim
[shah-maw-sim] /ʃɑˈmɔ sɪm/ (Show IPA)
1.
sexton (def 2).
2.
the candle used to kindle the candles in the Hanukkah menorah.
Also, shames.
Origin
1945-1950
1945-50; < Yiddish shames < Hebrew shammāsh server, attendant
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for shammes

shammes

/ˈʃɑːməs; Hebrew ʃaˈmaʃ/
noun (Judaism) (pl) shammosim, shammashim (Hebrew) (ʃaˈmɔsɪm)
1.
an official acting as the beadle, sexton, and caretaker of a synagogue
2.
the extra candle used on the Feast of Hanukkah to kindle the lamps or candles of the menorah
Word Origin
from Hebrew shāmmāsh, from Aramaic shĕmāsh to serve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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