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Shantung

[shan-tuhng or for 2, shan-tuhng; for 1, also Chinese shahn-doo ng] /ˈʃænˈtʌŋ or for 2, ˈʃæn tʌŋ; for 1, also Chinese ˈʃɑnˈdʊŋ/
noun
1.
2.
(often lowercase) Textiles.
  1. a heavy pongee.
    Compare tussah.
  2. a fabric imitating this, of rayon or cotton.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Shantung

Shandong

/ˈʃænˈdʌŋ/
noun
1.
a province of NE China, on the Yellow Sea and the Gulf of Chihli: part of the earliest organized state of China (1520–1030 bc); consists chiefly of the fertile plain of the lower Yellow River, with mountains over 1500 m (5000 ft) high in the centre. Capital: Jinan. Pop: 91 250 000 (2003 est). Area: 153 300 sq km (59 189 sq miles)

shantung

/ˌʃænˈtʌŋ/
noun
1.
a heavy silk fabric with a knobbly surface
2.
a cotton or rayon imitation of this
Word Origin
C19: so called because it was first imported to Britain from Shantung in China

Shantung

/ˈʃænˈtʌŋ/
noun
1.
a variant transliteration of the Chinese name for Shandong
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Shantung

shantung

n.

type of coarse silk, 1882, from Shantung province, in China, where the fabric was made. The place name is "east of the mountain," from shan (mountain) + dong (east). The mountain in question is Tan Shan. West of it is Shansi, from xi "west."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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