sharecrop

[shair-krop]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), sharecropped, sharecropping.
to farm as a sharecropper.

Origin:
1865–70, Americanism; back formation from sharecropper

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World English Dictionary
sharecrop (ˈʃɛəˌkrɒp)
 
vb , -crops, -cropping, -cropped
chiefly (US) to cultivate (farmland) as a sharecropper

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

sharecropping definition


A system of farming that developed in the South after the Civil War, when landowners, many of whom had formerly held slaves, lacked the cash to pay wages to farm laborers, many of whom were former slaves. The system called for dividing the crop into three shares — one for the landowner, one for the worker, and one for whoever provided seeds, fertilizer, and farm equipment.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The post-war economy, based to a large extent on sharecropping, made little
  progress for many decades.
While exploring the tobacco field, students compare and contrast sharecropping
  and convict lease.
The farmer, who was sharecropping, was moving rolled hay from a field to a
  wagon in preparation for transportation to his farm.
However, in sharecropping situations, the relationship may be less clear.
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