shavuot

Shavuoth

[Sephardic Hebrew shah-voo-awt; Ashkenazic Hebrew shuh-voo-ohs, -uhs]
noun Judaism.
a festival, celebrated on the sixth and seventh days of Sivan by Orthodox and Conservative Jews outside Israel but only on the sixth day by Reform Jews and Jews in Israel, that commemorates God's giving of the ten commandments to Moses.
Also, Shavuot, Shavuos, Shabuoth, Shabuot.
Also called Feast of Weeks, Pentecost.


Origin:
1890–95; < Hebrew Shābhūʿōth literally, weeks

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World English Dictionary
Shavuot or Shabuoth (ʃəˈvuːəs, -əʊs, Hebrew ʃavuːˈɔt, ʃəˈvuːəs, -əʊs, Hebrew ʃavuːˈɔt)
 
n
the Hebrew name for Pentecost
 
[from Hebrew shābhū`ōth, plural of shābhūā` week]
 
Shabuoth or Shabuoth
 
n
 
[from Hebrew shābhū`ōth, plural of shābhūā` week]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
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shavuot

("Festival of the Weeks"), second of the three Pilgrim Festivals of the Jewish religious calendar. It was originally an agricultural festival, marking the beginning of the wheat harvest. During the Temple period, the first fruits of the harvest were brought to the Temple, and two loaves of bread made from the new wheat were offered. This aspect of the holiday is reflected in the custom of decorating the synagogue with fruits and flowers and in the names Yom ha-Bikkurim ("Day of the First Fruits") and Hag ha-Qazir ("Harvest Feast").

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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