an early musical woodwind instrument with a double reed: the forerunner of the modern oboe.

1300–50; Middle English schalme < Middle French chaume < Latin calamus stalk, reed < Greek kálamos reed; replacing Middle English schallemele < Middle French chalemel (see chalumeau) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shawm (ʃɔːm)
music a medieval form of the oboe with a conical bore and flaring bell, blown through a double reed
[C14 shalmye, from Old French chalemie, ultimately from Latin calamus a reed, from Greek kalamos]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"medieval oboe-like instrument," mid-14c., schalmeis (pl.), also schallemele (late 14c.), from O.Fr. chalemie, chalemel, from L.L. calamellus, lit. "a small reed," dim. of L. calamus "reed," from Gk. kalamos. Mistaken as a plural and trimmed of its "-s" ending from mid-15c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Next to him is a figure playing a soprano or treble shawm, a distant forerunner of the oboe.
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