noun, plural Shawnees (especially collectively) Shawnee.
a member of an Algonquian-speaking tribe formerly in the east-central U.S., now in Oklahoma.
the Algonquian language of the Shawnee tribe.
a town in E Kansas.
a city in central Oklahoma.

1720–30, Americanism; back formation from earlier Shawnese, Shawanese (construed as plural), reshaping (with -ese) of earlier Shawanoes (plural) < Munsee Delaware šá·wano·w (singular) < Shawnee ša·wano·ki Shawnees, literally, people of the south Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Shawnee (ʃɔːˈniː)
n , -nees, -nee
1.  a member of a North American Indian people formerly living along the Tennessee River
2.  the language of this people, belonging to the Algonquian family
[C20: back formation from obsolete Shawnese, from Shawnee Shaawanwaaki people of the south, from shaawanawa south]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

Algonquian people, probably originally from what is now southern Ohio, 1674, from Munsee sawanow, from Shawnee /a:wanwa/, the people's self-designation, lit. "person of the south."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Shawnees [(shaw-neez)]

A tribe of Native Americans who inhabited Ohio, Indiana, and other parts of the Middle West during the early nineteenth century. The most famous Shawnee leader was Tecumseh, who joined with the British against the Americans during the War of 1812.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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