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Denotation vs. Connotation

sheer1

[sheer] /ʃɪər/
adjective, sheerer, sheerest.
1.
transparently thin; diaphanous, as some fabrics:
sheer stockings.
2.
unmixed with anything else:
We drilled a hundred feet through sheer rock.
3.
unqualified; utter:
sheer nonsense.
4.
extending down or up very steeply; almost completely vertical:
a sheer descent of rock.
5.
British Obsolete. bright; shining.
adverb
6.
clear; completely; quite:
ran sheer into the thick of battle.
7.
perpendicularly; vertically; down or up very steeply.
noun
8.
a thin, diaphanous material, as chiffon or voile.
Origin of sheer1
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English scere, shere, schere free, clear, bright, thin; probably < Old Norse skǣrr; change of sk- > s(c)h- perhaps by influence of the related Old English scīr (E dial. shire clear, pure, thin); cognate with German schier, Old Norse skīr, Gothic skeirs clear; see shine1
Related forms
sheerly, adverb
sheerness, noun
Can be confused
shear, sheer.
Synonyms
2. mere, simple, pure, unadulterated. 3. absolute, downright. 4. abrupt, precipitous. 6. totally, entirely.
Antonyms
1. opaque.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sheerest
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Now and then her lips moved, murmuring in sheerest happiness the thoughts that drifted through her enchanted mind.

    Quick Action Robert W. Chambers
  • This was the sheerest "bluff," but it was delivered with all the assurance in the world.

    Fair Harbor Joseph Crosby Lincoln
  • The sheerest of knee-length linen underwear touched a body that knew only rough cotton.

  • It was only by the sheerest accident that he had found out, even now, about them.

    Space Viking Henry Beam Piper
  • I got hold of him by chance, and just by the sheerest good luck, a week or so ago.

    Lad: A Dog Albert Payson Terhune
  • It would have been the sheerest affectation on his part to have evaded the question.

    The Book of All-Power Edgar Wallace
  • Now any one in Tinkletown would tell you that it was the sheerest folly to address Uncle Dad in a hushed voice.

    Anderson Crow, Detective George Barr McCutcheon
  • If either you or I ever reach our destination, it will be by the sheerest accident.

    The Land of Thor J. Ross Browne
  • His flask experiments, therefore, prove nothing; and all this talk about de novo production is the sheerest scientific delusion.

    Life: Its True Genesis R. W. Wright
British Dictionary definitions for sheerest

sheer1

/ʃɪə/
adjective
1.
perpendicular; very steep: a sheer cliff
2.
(of textiles) so fine as to be transparent
3.
(prenominal) absolute; unmitigated: sheer folly
4.
(obsolete) bright or shining
adverb
5.
steeply or perpendicularly
6.
completely or absolutely
noun
7.
any transparent fabric used for making garments
Derived Forms
sheerly, adverb
sheerness, noun
Word Origin
Old English scīr; related to Old Norse skīrr bright, Gothic skeirs clear, Middle High German schīr

sheer2

/ʃɪə/
verb foll by off or away (from)
1.
to deviate or cause to deviate from a course
2.
(intransitive) to avoid an unpleasant person, thing, topic, etc
noun
3.
the upward sweep of the deck or bulwarks of a vessel
4.
(nautical) the position of a vessel relative to its mooring
Word Origin
C17: perhaps variant of shear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sheerest

sheer

adj.

c.1200, "exempt, free from guilt" (e.g. Sheer Thursday, the Thursday of Holy Week); later schiere "thin, sparse" (c.1400), from Old English scir "bright, clear, gleaming; translucent; pure, unmixed," and influenced by Old Norse cognate scær "bright, clean, pure," both from Proto-Germanic *skeran- (cf. Old Saxon skiri, Old Frisian skire, German schier, Gothic skeirs "clean, pure"), from PIE root *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (see shear (v.)).

Sense of "absolute, utter" (sheer nonsense) developed 1580s, probably from the notion of "unmixed;" that of "very steep" (a sheer cliff) is first recorded 1800, probably from notion of "continued without halting." Meaning "diaphanous" is from 1560s. As an adverb from c.1600.

v.

1620s, "deviate from course" (of a ship), of obscure origin, perhaps from Dutch scheren "to move aside, withdraw, depart," originally "to separate" (see shear (v.)). Related: Sheered; shearing. As a noun from 1660s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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