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sheer1

[sheer] /ʃɪər/
adjective, sheerer, sheerest.
1.
transparently thin; diaphanous, as some fabrics:
sheer stockings.
2.
unmixed with anything else:
We drilled a hundred feet through sheer rock.
3.
unqualified; utter:
sheer nonsense.
4.
extending down or up very steeply; almost completely vertical:
a sheer descent of rock.
5.
British Obsolete. bright; shining.
adverb
6.
clear; completely; quite:
ran sheer into the thick of battle.
7.
perpendicularly; vertically; down or up very steeply.
noun
8.
a thin, diaphanous material, as chiffon or voile.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English scere, shere, schere free, clear, bright, thin; probably < Old Norse skǣrr; change of sk- > s(c)h- perhaps by influence of the related Old English scīr (E dial. shire clear, pure, thin); cognate with German schier, Old Norse skīr, Gothic skeirs clear; see shine
Related forms
sheerly, adverb
sheerness, noun
Synonyms
2. mere, simple, pure, unadulterated. 3. absolute, downright. 4. abrupt, precipitous. 6. totally, entirely.
Antonyms
1. opaque.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sheerest

sheer1

/ʃɪə/
adjective
1.
perpendicular; very steep a sheer cliff
2.
(of textiles) so fine as to be transparent
3.
(prenominal) absolute; unmitigated sheer folly
4.
(obsolete) bright or shining
adverb
5.
steeply or perpendicularly
6.
completely or absolutely
noun
7.
any transparent fabric used for making garments
Derived Forms
sheerly, adverb
sheerness, noun
Word Origin
Old English scīr; related to Old Norse skīrr bright, Gothic skeirs clear, Middle High German schīr

sheer2

/ʃɪə/
verb foll by off or away (from)
1.
to deviate or cause to deviate from a course
2.
(intransitive) to avoid an unpleasant person, thing, topic, etc
noun
3.
the upward sweep of the deck or bulwarks of a vessel
4.
(nautical) the position of a vessel relative to its mooring
Word Origin
C17: perhaps variant of shear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sheerest
sheer
c.1200, "exempt, free from guilt," later schiere "thin, sparse" (c.1400), from O.E. scir "bright, clear," influenced by O.N. cognate scær "bright, clean, pure," from P.Gmc. *skairijaz (cf. O.S. skiri, O.Fris. skire, Ger. schier, Goth. skeirs "clean, pure"), perhaps from PIE base *skai- "to shine" (see shine). Sense of "absolute, utter" (sheer nonsense) developed 1580s; that of "very steep" (sheer cliff) is first recorded 1800.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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