shiver

1 [shiv-er]
verb (used without object)
1.
to shake or tremble with cold, fear, excitement, etc.
2.
Nautical.
a.
(of a fore-and-aft sail) to shake when too close to the wind.
b.
(of a sailing vessel) to be headed so close to the wind that the sails shake.
noun
3.
a tremulous motion; a tremble or quiver: The thought sent a shiver down her spine.
4.
shivers, an attack of shivering or chills (usually preceded by the ).

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English chivere (noun); later sh-, apparently for the sake of alliteration in phrase chiver and shake

shiverer, noun
shiveringly, adverb


1. Shiver, quake, shudder refer to a vibratory muscular movement, a trembling, usually involuntary. We shiver with cold, or a sensation such as that of cold: to shiver in thin clothing on a frosty day; to shiver with pleasant anticipation. We quake especially with fear: to quake with fright. We shudder with horror or abhorrence; the agitation is more powerful and deep-seated than shivering or trembling: to shudder at pictures of a concentration camp.
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shiver

2 [shiv-er]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
1.
to break or split into fragments.
noun
2.
a fragment; splinter.

Origin:
1150–1200; (noun) Middle English schivere fragment; cognate with German Schiefer schist; (v.) Middle English schiveren, derivative of the noun

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shiver1 (ˈʃɪvə)
 
vb
1.  to shake or tremble, as from cold or fear
2.  a.  (of a sail) to luff; flap or shake
 b.  (of a sailing vessel) to sail close enough to the wind to make the sails luff
 
n
3.  the act of shivering; a tremulous motion
4.  the shivers an attack of shivering, esp through fear or illness
 
[C13 chiveren, perhaps variant of chevelen to chatter (used of teeth), from Old English ceafljowl1]
 
'shiverer1
 
n
 
'shivering1
 
adj

shiver2 (ˈʃɪvə)
 
vb
1.  to break or cause to break into fragments
 
n
2.  a splintered piece
 
[C13: of Germanic origin; compare Old High German scivaro, Middle Dutch scheveren to shiver, Old Norse skīfa to split]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shiver
"shake," c.1400, alteration of chiveren (c.1200), of uncertain origin, perhaps from O.E. ceafl "jaw," on notion of chattering teeth. Spelling change of ch- to sh- is probably from influence of shake.

shiver
"small piece," c.1200, probably related to M.L.G. schever, schiver "splinter," from P.Gmc. *skif- "split" (cf. O.H.G. skivaro, Ger. Schiefer "splinter, slate"). The verb, "to break in or into pieces" is attested from c.1200. Chiefly in phrases to shivers and shiver me timbers (1835), "a mock oath attributed
in comic fiction to sailors" [OED]. My timbers! as a nautical oath is attested from 1789 (see timber). Also, shiver is still dial. for "splinter (n.)" in Norfolk and Lincolnshire.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They shiver and tremble and act out to the awful imperatives of mental illness.
Rodents, unable to shiver effectively to keep warm, use brown fat instead.
Your narrative of your last experience there makes me shiver in fright.
As their core body temperature falls, people start to shiver and their risks of
  infection and hemorrhage increase.
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