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city and ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan, facing the Pacific Ocean. It occupies an area of 3,001 square miles (7,773 square km). Cape Omae and the Izu Peninsula in the prefecture are separated by the deeply indented Suruga Bay. The eastern and western sections of the prefecture differ considerably from each other. Volcanoes and hot springs are major physical features in the east, while large river valleys such as those of the Fuji, Oi, and Tenryu rivers predominate in the west. The prefecture's favourable climate supports a varied agriculture, of which mandarin oranges and tea are the chief products. Fishing is highly developed at the principal port, Shimizu, on Suruga Bay. Motor vehicles, ships, textiles, canned goods, and musical instruments are the principal goods manufactured at Hamamatsu and Shimizu.