shoaled

shoal

1 [shohl]
noun
1.
a place where a sea, river, or other body of water is shallow.
2.
a sandbank or sand bar in the bed of a body of water, especially one that is exposed above the surface of the water at low tide.
adjective
3.
of little depth, as water; shallow.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become shallow or more shallow.
verb (used with object)
5.
to cause to become shallow.
6.
Nautical. to sail so as to lessen the depth of (the water under a vessel).

Origin:
before 900; (adj.) Middle English (Scots) shald, Old English sceald shallow; (noun and v.) derivative of the adj.


1. shallow, rapid, riffle. 2. reef.
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shoal

2 [shohl]
noun
1.
any large number of persons or things.
2.
a school of fish.
verb (used without object)
3.
to collect in a shoal; throng.

Origin:
1570–80; earlier shole, probably < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German schōle, with sound-substitution of sh- for Low German skh-; cf. school2

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
shoal1 (ʃəʊl)
 
n
1.  a stretch of shallow water
2.  a sandbank or rocky area in a stretch of water, esp one that is visible at low water
 
vb
3.  to make or become shallow
4.  (intr) nautical to sail into shallower water
 
adj
5.  a less common word for shallow
6.  nautical (of the draught of a vessel) drawing little water
 
[Old English scealdshallow]
 
'shoaliness1
 
n

shoal2 (ʃəʊl)
 
n
1.  a large group of certain aquatic animals, esp fish
2.  a large group of people or things
 
vb
3.  (intr) to collect together in such a group
 
[Old English scolu; related to Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schōleschool²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shoal
"place of shallow water," c.1300, from O.E. schealde (adj.), from sceald "shallow," from P.Gmc. *skala- (cf. Swed. skäll "thin;" Low Ger. schol, Fris. skol "not deep"). The terminal -d was dropped 16c.

shoal
"large number" (especially of fish), 1579, apparently identical with O.E. scolu "band, troop, school of fish," but perhaps rather a 16c. adoption of cognate M.Du. schole, both from P.Gmc. *skulo- (cf. O.S. scola "multitude," W.Fris. skoal), perhaps with a lit. sense of "division," from PIE base *skel-
"to divide." Related to school "a crowd of fish" (q.v.). For possible sense development, cf. section from L. secare "to cut."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
shoal   (shōl)  Pronunciation Key 
A submerged mound or ridge of sediment in a body of shallow water.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Synonyms
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