|1.||the part of the vertebrate body where the arm or a corresponding forelimb joins the trunk: the pectoral girdle and associated structures|
|2.||the joint at the junction of the forelimb with the pectoral girdle|
|3.||a cut of meat including the upper part of the foreleg|
|4.||printing the flat surface of a piece of type from which the face rises|
|5.||tanning the portion of a hide covering the shoulders and neck of the animal, usually including the cheeks|
|6.||the part of a garment that covers the shoulder|
|7.||anything that resembles a shoulder in shape or position|
|8.||the strip of unpaved land that borders a road|
|9.||engineering a substantial projection or abrupt change in shape or diameter designed to withstand thrust|
|10.||photog the portion of the characteristic curve of a photographic material indicating the maximum density that can be produced on the material|
|11.||jewellery the part of a ring where the shank joins the setting|
|12.||a shoulder to cry on a person one turns to for sympathy with one's troubles|
|13.||informal give someone the cold shoulder|
|a. to treat someone in a cold manner; snub|
|b. to ignore or shun someone|
|14.||informal put one's shoulder to the wheel to work very hard|
|15.||rub shoulders with See rub|
|16.||shoulder to shoulder|
|a. side by side or close together|
|b. in a corporate effort|
|17.||(tr) to bear or carry (a burden, responsibility, etc) as if on one's shoulders|
|18.||to push (something) with or as if with the shoulder|
|19.||(tr) to lift or carry on the shoulders|
|20.||military shoulder arms to bring the rifle vertically close to the right side with the muzzle uppermost and held at the trigger guard|
|[Old English sculdor; related to Old High German sculterra]|
shoulder shoul·der (shōl'dər)
The joint connecting the arm with the torso.
The part of the human body between the neck and upper arm.
In addition to the idiom beginning with shoulder, also see broad shoulders; chip on one's shoulder; cold shoulder; cry on someone's shoulder; good head on one's shoulders; head and shoulders above; on one's shoulders; put one's shoulder to the wheel; rub elbows (shoulders) with; shrug one's shoulders; square one's shoulders; straight from the shoulder; weight of the world on one's shoulders.
in anatomy, the joint between the arm, or forelimb, and the trunk, together with the adjacent tissue, particularly the tissue over the shoulder blade, or scapula. The shoulder, or pectoral, girdle is composed of the clavicles (collarbones) and the scapulae (shoulder blades). In humans the clavicles join the sternum (breastbone) medially and the scapulae laterally; the scapulae, however, are joined to the trunk only by muscles. In many cursorial (running) mammals the clavicles are reduced or no longer present, which permits free movement of the humerus (upper arm bone) in a forward direction. The major joint of the shoulder is the glenohumeral joint, a ball-and-socket joint in which the humerus is recessed into the scapula. The flexibility of the shoulder has permitted various locomotor adaptations, such as digging (in moles), running (in antelopes), brachiation (in gibbons), and flight (in birds).
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