|1.||(from 794 |
|2.||(from about 1192 to 1867) any of a line of hereditary military dictators who relegated the emperors to a position of purely theoretical supremacy|
|[C17: from Japanese, from Chinese chiang chün general, from chiang to lead + chün army]|
Japanese military leaders who ruled the country from the twelfth to the nineteenth centuries. There was still an emperor in Japan under the shoguns, but he was reduced to a mere figurehead.