shore

1 [shawr, shohr]
noun
1.
the land along the edge of a sea, lake, broad river, etc.
2.
some particular country: my native shore.
3.
land, as opposed to sea or water: a marine serving on shore.
4.
Law. the space between the ordinary high-water and low-water mark.
adjective
5.
of, pertaining to, or located on land, especially land along the edge of a body of water: a marine on shore duty.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English schore, Old English scora; cognate with Middle Dutch, Middle Low German schore; perhaps akin to shear


1. strand, margin. Shore, bank, beach, coast refer to an edge of land abutting on an ocean, lake, or other large body of water. Shore is the general word: The ship reached shore. Bank denotes the land along a river or other watercourse, sometimes steep but often not: The river flows between its banks. Beach refers to sandy or pebbly margins along a shore, especially those made wider at ebb tide: a private beach for bathers. Coast applies only to land along an ocean: the Pacific coast.
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shore

2 [shawr, shohr]
noun
1.
a supporting post or beam with auxiliary members, especially one placed obliquely against the side of a building, a ship in drydock, or the like; prop; strut.
verb (used with object), shored, shoring.
2.
to support by or as if by a shore or shores; prop (usually followed by up ): to shore up a roof; government subsidies to shore up falling corn prices.

Origin:
1300–50; (noun) Middle English; cognate with Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schore prop; (v.) shoren, derivative of the noun


1. brace, buttress, stay.

shore

3 [shawr, shohr]
verb (used with object), shored, shoring. Scot. and North England.
1.
to threaten (someone).
2.
to offer or proffer (something).

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English (Scots) schore < ?

Shore

[shawr, shohr]
noun
Jane, 1445?–1527, mistress of Edward IV of England.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
shore1 (ʃɔː)
 
n
1.  the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or wide riverRelated: littoral
2.  a.  land, as opposed to water (esp in the phrase on shore)
 b.  (as modifier): shore duty
3.  law the tract of coastland lying between the ordinary marks of high and low water
4.  (often plural) a country: his native shores
 
vb
5.  (tr) to move or drag (a boat) onto a shore
 
Related: littoral
 
[C14: probably from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schōre; compare Old High German scorra cliff; see shear]

shore2 (ʃɔː)
 
n
1.  a prop, post, or beam used to support a wall, building, ship in dry dock, etc
 
vb (often foll by up)
2.  to prop or make safe with or as if with a shore
 
[C15: from Middle Dutch schōre; related to Old Norse skortha prop]
 
'shoring2
 
n

shore3 (ʃɔː)
 
vb
(Austral), (NZ) a past tense of shear

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shore
c.1300, "land bordering a large body of water," perhaps from M.L.G. schor "shore, coast, headland," or M.Du. scorre "land washed by the sea," probably from P.Gmc. *skur- "cut" and according to etymologists originally with a sense of "division" between land and water, and thus related to O.E. sceran
"shear, to cut" (see shear). But if the word originated on the North Sea coast of the continent, it may as well have meant "land 'cut off' from the mainland by tidal marshes" (cf. O.N. skerg "an isolated rock in the sea," related to sker "to cut, shear"). Few I.E. languages have such a single comprehensive word for "land bordering water" (Gk. had one word for sandy beaches, another for rocky headlands). General application to "country near a seacoast" is attested from 1611.

shore
mid-14c., "to prop, support with a prop;" of obscure etymology though widespread in W.Gmc.; cf. M.Du. schooren "to prop up, support," O.N. skorða (n.) "a piece of timber set up as a support."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Shore had taught himself to play every instrument in his school's band.
These made it easier for economies to rebound and helped shore up governments'
  electoral support.
The sound of waves lapping the shore tends to have a calming effect.
But if you find yourself being dragged out to sea, don't panic and don't try to
  fight the current and swim back to shore.
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