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showbread

[shoh-bred] /ˈʃoʊˌbrɛd/
noun, Judaism.
1.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for showbread

shewbread

/ˈʃəʊˌbrɛd/
noun
1.
(Old Testament) the loaves of bread placed every Sabbath on the table beside the altar of incense in the tabernacle or temple of ancient Israel (Exodus 25:30; Leviticus 24:5–9)
Word Origin
on the model of German Schaubrot, a translation of the Greek artoi enōpioi, a translation of the Hebrew lechem pānīm, literally: bread of the presence

showbread

/ˈʃəʊˌbrɛd/
noun
1.
a variant spelling of shewbread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for showbread

shewbread

any of the 12 loaves of bread that stood for the 12 tribes of Israel, presented and shown in the Temple of Jerusalem in the Presence of God. The loaves were a symbolic acknowledgment that God was the resource for Israel's life and nourishment and also served as Israel's act of thanksgiving to God. The arrangement of the bread on a table in two rows of six (Leviticus 24) was an important aspect of the presentation because some verses in the Bible literally speak of "the bread of the arrangement" (1 Chronicles 9:32, 23:29; Nehemiah 10:33). The table, which stood at the west end of the "holy place" of the Temple, next to the Holy of Holies, was also important. The bread was changed every sabbath, and the priests ate that which had been displayed. Once, in an emergency, it was given to King David to feed his hungry men. Many aspects of the Christian Eucharist show that it was influenced by Israel's shewbread.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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