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shrank

[shrangk] /ʃræŋk/
verb
1.
a simple past tense of shrink.

shrink

[shringk] /ʃrɪŋk/
verb (used without object), shrank or, often shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking.
1.
to draw back, as in retreat or avoidance:
to shrink from danger; to shrink from contact.
2.
to contract or lessen in size, as from exposure to conditions of temperature or moisture:
This cloth will not shrink if washed in lukewarm water.
3.
to become reduced in extent or compass.
verb (used with object), shrank or, often shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking.
4.
to cause to shrink or contract; reduce.
5.
Textiles. to cause (a fabric) to contract during finishing, thus preventing shrinkage, during laundering, of the garments made from it.
noun
6.
an act or instance of shrinking.
7.
a shrinking movement.
8.
9.
Also, shrinker. Also called head shrinker. Slang. a psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychoanalyst.
Origin
900
before 900; 1955-60 for def 9; Middle English schrinken, Old English scrincan; cognate with Middle Dutch schrinken, Swedish skrynka to shrink, Norwegian skrukka old shrunken woman
Related forms
shrinkable, adjective
shrinkingly, adverb
nonshrinkable, adjective
nonshrinking, adjective
nonshrinkingly, adverb
overshrink, verb, overshrank or, often overshrunk; overshrunk or overshrunken; overshrinking.
unshrinkable, adjective
unshrinking, adjective
unshrinkingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. withdraw, recoil, quail. See wince1 . 3. See decrease.
Antonyms
3. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for shrank
  • He instinctively shrank from hurting anybody's feelings.
  • In each case they found that the maladies have become more prevalent during the time in which local biodiversity shrank.
  • But as their domain shrank, some parks could accommodate only a few prides, which then began to inbreed.
  • Likewise, in colder years average exoskeleton thickness shrank.
  • Villages shrank, cars vanished, the forest gradually thickened.
  • When the newly trained jugglers stopped practicing, however, these regions shrank back.
  • Precisely as the need for state surveillance grew, the needed supervision shrank.
  • As the plastic shrank, the ink particles on its surface clumped together, forming tiny ridges.
  • As global trade shrank last year, shipping companies decommissioned more and more ships and sent them off to be broken up.
  • As in any downturn, tax revenues shrank but government spending increased to stimulate sagging economies.
British Dictionary definitions for shrank

shrank

/ʃræŋk/
verb
1.
a past tense of shrink

shrink

/ʃrɪŋk/
verb shrinks, shrinking, shrank, shrunk, shrunk, shrunken
1.
to contract or cause to contract as from wetness, heat, cold, etc
2.
to become or cause to become smaller in size
3.
(intransitive) often foll by from
  1. to recoil or withdraw to shrink from the sight of blood
  2. to feel great reluctance (at) to shrink from killing an animal
noun
4.
the act or an instance of shrinking
5.
(slang) a psychiatrist
Derived Forms
shrinkable, adjective
shrinker, noun
shrinking, adjective
shrinkingly, adverb
Word Origin
Old English scrincan; related to Old Norse skrokkr torso, Old Swedish skrunkin wrinkled, Old Norse hrukka a crease, Icelandic skrukka wrinkled woman
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shrank
shrink
O.E. scrincan (class III strong verb; past tense scranc, pp. scruncen), from P.Gmc. *skrenkanan (cf. M.Du. schrinken), probably from PIE base *(s)ker- "to turn, bend." Originally with causal shrench (cf. drink/drench). The meaning "draw back, recoil" (c.1300) perhaps was suggested by the behavior of snails. The slang sense of "psychiatrist" is first recorded 1966, from head-shrinker (1950). Shrink-wrap is attested from 1961.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for shrank

shrink

noun

A psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, or other psychotherapist; headshrinker (1960+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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13
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