shut

[shuht]
verb (used with object), shut, shutting.
1.
to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct.
2.
to close the doors of (often followed by up ): to shut up a shop for the night.
3.
to close (something) by bringing together or folding its parts: Shut your book. Shut the window!
4.
to confine; enclose: to shut a bird into a cage.
5.
to bar; exclude: They shut him from their circle.
6.
to cause (a factory, school, etc.) to end or suspend operations, services, or business activity: He shut his store, sold his house, and moved away. We're shutting the office for two weeks in June.
7.
to bolt; bar.
verb (used without object), shut, shutting.
8.
to become shut or closed; close.
adjective
9.
closed; fastened up: a shut door.
10.
Phonetics, checked.
noun
11.
the act or time of shutting or closing.
12.
the line where two pieces of welded metal are united.
Verb phrases
13.
shut down,
a.
to close, especially temporarily; end or suspend operations, services, or business activity.
b.
to stop operating or stop the operation of (a machine): Did you remember to shut down your computer?
c.
Also, shut down on/upon. Informal. to hinder; check; stop.
d.
to settle over so as to envelop or darken: The fog shut down rapidly.
14.
shut in,
a.
to enclose.
b.
to confine, as from illness: She broke her leg in a fall and has been shut in for several weeks.
15.
shut of, Informal. free of; rid of: He wished he were shut of all his debts.
16.
shut off,
a.
to stop the passage of (water, traffic, electricity, etc.); close off.
b.
to isolate; separate: an outpost almost completely shut off from civilization.
17.
shut out,
a.
to keep from entering; exclude.
b.
to hide from view.
c.
to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring, as in a game of baseball.
18.
shut up,
a.
to imprison; confine.
b.
to close entirely.
c.
to stop talking; become silent: I thought the neighbors would never shut up and let me sleep.
d.
to stop (someone) from talking; silence.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English schutten, Old English scyttan to bolt (a door); akin to shoot

half-shut, adjective
reshut, verb, reshut, reshutting.
unshut, adjective


1. See close. 4. jail, imprison, cage. 5. prohibit.


1. open.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To shut up
Collins
World English Dictionary
shut (ʃʌt)
 
vb (often foll by up) , shuts, shutting, shut
1.  to move (something) so as to cover an aperture; close: to shut a door
2.  to close (something) by bringing together the parts: to shut a book
3.  to close or lock the doors of: to shut up a house
4.  (tr; foll by in, out, etc) to confine, enclose, or exclude: to shut a child in a room
5.  (tr) to prevent (a business, etc) from operating
6.  shut one's eyes to to ignore deliberately
7.  shut the door on
 a.  to refuse to think about
 b.  to render impossible
 
adj
8.  closed or fastened
 
n
9.  the act or time of shutting
10.  the line along which pieces of metal are welded
11.  slang get shut of, get shot of to get rid of
 
[Old English scyttan; related to Old Frisian sketta to shut in, Middle Dutch schutten to obstruct]

shut up
 
vb
1.  (tr) to prevent all access to
2.  (tr) to confine or imprison
3.  informal to cease to talk or make a noise or cause to cease to talk or make a noise: often used in commands
4.  (intr) (of horses in a race) to cease through exhaustion from maintaining a racing pace

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shut
O.E. scyttan "to put in place so as to fasten a door or gate," from W.Gmc. *skutjanan (cf. O.Fris. schetta, M.Du. schutten "to shut, shut up, obstruct"), from P.Gmc. *skut- "project" (see shoot). Meaning "to close by folding or bringing together" is from mid-14c. Sense of
"to set (someone) free (from)" (c.1500) is obsolete except in dialectal phrases such as to get shut of. Colloquial shut-eye for "sleep" is from 1899. To shut (one's) mouth "desist from speaking" is recorded from 1340. Shut up (v.) first recorded 1840. Shut-in "person confined from normal social intercourse" is from 1904. Shut out in baseball sense is from 1881 (v.), 1889 (n.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

shut up definition


  1. in.
    to be quiet. : Shut up and listen!
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

shut up

  1. Imprison, confine, enclose, as in The dog was shut up in the cellar for the night, or She shut up her memories and never talked about the past. [c. 1400]

  2. Close completely, as in The windows were shut up tightly so no rain came in. [Early 1500s] This usage also occurs in shut up shop, meaning "close the premises of a business," as in It's late, let's shut up shop now. [Late 1500s] Also see close up, def. 3.

  3. Cause someone to stop speaking, silence someone, as in It's time someone shut him up. [Early 1800s]

  4. Stop speaking, as in I've told you what I think and now I'll shut up. This usage also occurs as a rather rude imperative, as in Shut up! You've said enough. [First half of 1800s]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Most of the faculty wish he would either shut up or do us all a favor and not
  show up at faculty meetings.
OK, make one good point if you must, but then shut up.
Smart people shut up because continuing to talk has no point.
He keeps calmly trying to be sane and she seems as if she won't shut up.
Idioms & Phrases
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