Sivas Unabridged


[see-vuh, shee-vuh]
noun Hinduism. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Siva or Shiva (ˈsiːvə, ˈsɪvə)
Hinduism the destroyer, one of the three chief divinities of the later Hindu pantheon, the other two being Brahma and Vishnu. Siva is also the god presiding over personal destinies
[from Sanskrit Śiva, literally: the auspicious (one)]
Shiva or Shiva
[from Sanskrit Śiva, literally: the auspicious (one)]

Sivas (Turkish ˈsivɑs)
a city in central Turkey, at an altitude of 1347 m (4420 ft): one of the chief cities in Asia Minor in ancient times; scene of the national congress (1919) leading to the revolution that established modern Turkey. Pop: 266 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

one of the three supreme gods of Hinduism, lord of destruction and reproduction, 1788, from Hind. Shiva, from Skt. Sivah, lit. "propitious, gracious," from PIE *ki-wo-, from base *kei- "beloved, dear" (connected with L. civis "citizen," lit. "member of a household"), also "to lie, couch" (cf.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


city, central Turkey. It lies at an elevation of 4,183 feet (1,275 metres) in the broad valley of the Kizil River. Although excavations at a mound known as Topraktepe indicate Hittite settlements in the locality, nothing is known of Sivas' history prior to its emergence as the Roman city of Sebastea, which became the capital of Armenia Minor under the emperor Diocletian near the end of the 3rd century. Justinian I had the city walls rebuilt and fortified in the 6th century, and under the Byzantine emperors Sebastea was a large and wealthy Anatolian city. In 1021 Sennacherib-John, the Armenian king of Vaspurakan (Van), ceded his dominions to the emperor Basil II and became the Byzantine viceroy of Sebastea. His successors served in the same position until the Turks arrived in the area in the late 11th century. The Turkmen Danishmend dynasty conquered Sebastea about 1080-90, renamed it Sivas, and made it the capital of a principality until it fell to the Seljuq sultan of Rum in 1172. Under the Seljuqs, Sivas reached its greatest prosperity, becoming one of the most important cities of Anatolia; it was said to have had more than 150,000 inhabitants when it was plundered by the Central Asian ruler Timur (Tamerlane) in 1400.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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