Skikda

Skikda

[skeek-duh]
noun
a seaport in NE Algeria.
Formerly Philippeville.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To skikda
Collins
World English Dictionary
Skikda (ˈskɪkdɑː)
 
n
Former name: Philippeville a port in NE Algeria, on an inlet of the Mediterranean: founded by the French in 1838 on the site of a Roman city. Pop: 170 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

skikda

town, Mediterranean port, northeastern Algeria, situated on the Gulf of Stora. Founded by French Marshal Sylvain-Charles Valee in 1838 as the port of Constantine, it has an artificial harbour. Skikda occupies the site of ancient Rusicade, port of 4th-century Cirta, and has the largest Roman theatre in Algeria (used as a quarry, this has been greatly depleted). Roman artifacts are in the local museum. The town lies near the mouth of the Wadi Safsaf, escaping the humidity of the alluvial plain by its situation on a saddle between Mount Skikda (east) and Mount Bou Yala (southwest). A natural-gas pipeline from Hassi R'Mel to Skikda became operational in 1970, and liquefied-gas, oil-refining, and petrochemical industries have developed. The port is now a major outlet for oil brought by pipeline from the Hassi Messaoud fields, and it also exports the agricultural and mineral products (lead, iron, marble, and cement) of the Safsaf valley and the hinterland. Imports are redistributed via Constantine throughout eastern Algeria. There is considerable passenger traffic through Skikda, which, with Stora (its outport), is also a centre for sardine fishing and canning. Formerly the population was predominantly of Italian and Maltese origin, but after Algerian independence in 1962 there was an influx of Muslim refugees and an exodus of Europeans. Pop. (1998) 152,335.

Learn more about Skikda with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature